Do you know your skin type? It’s important to know your skin type so you can determine the best way to look after your skin, how to care for it, what kind of products to use and what things to avoid.
Your initial type of skin is genetically determined, however, the health and beauty of your skin later in life largely depends on what you eat and how you take care of yourself.
There are 5 basic skin types: normal, oily, dry, combination, and sensitive. To figure out what type of skin you have do this simple test:
Wash your face with a gentle cleanser and pat dry.
Wait an hour so for your skin to return to its natural state.
Press a separate piece of tissue onto each area of your face: chin, cheeks, forehead and nose.
Take a look at each piece of tissue and look for oil or flaky skin residue.
Which type are you?
Normal Skin Type – No oil or flaky skin on any of the tissues likely indicates a normal skin type. Normal skin does not feel dry or oily and only a few, small pores may be visible. After cleansing it generally feels smooth, only occasionally breaks out and is not easily irritated. Even with a minimum care, normal skin is the least problematic skin type.
Oily Skin Type – Oil on each tissue would indicate an oily skin type. Oily skin feels greasy, tends to be shiny with enlarged pores, and is prone to blackheads and blemishes. A good thing about this type of skin type is that oily skin is not prone much to aging and wrinkling. Careful cleansing, reducing consumption of sugars and carbohydrates, and avoiding rich facial creams can be helpful in improving the quality of oily skin.
Combination Skin Type – Oil on only some tissues (specifically those on the T-zone, forehead, nose, chin and cheeks) indicates a combination skin type. Combination skin is generally a normal skin type with a few dry patches and a few oily patches. Dryness is usually on the cheeks and oiliness is usually on the T-zone. Combination skin is the most common type people have and it requires different types of care for particular facial areas. Dry zones should be treated with rich creams and moisturizers, while oily areas will benefit most from frequent and thorough cleansing.
Dry Skin Type – Flaky skin residue on all tissues – without any oil residue – or a tight feeling in the skin may indicate a dry or sensitive skin type. Dry skin feels dry to touch and has very fine pores. After cleansing it feels tight, by midday flaky patches may appear and is generally not prone to breaks out. Dry skin can easily develop a pale tone, wrinkles, and fine pores, and it is very prone to aging and irritating. To keep this type of skin healthy, you should apply a thorough skincare routine and use regular skin treatments with natural scrubs, masks and moisturizers.
Sensitive Skin Type – This skin type is usually dry, feels tight, and becomes inflamed and irritated easily. Typically this type of skin develops reddish and scaly patches, can be itchy, and is prone to breaking into areas. It is the most problematic type of skin and needs very special type of care. To get the right skincare products may require a lot of research and trial and error.
Remember, regardless of your skin type, a consistent skincare routine is very important. Remember to cleanse your face and moisturise twice a day, a treat your skin to a scrub and mask at least once per week. While sensitive skin types will benefit the most, all skin types will also generally get the best results from using only natural skincare products free of fragrance and with as few ingredients as possible.
So, what type of skin do you have? Have you found great skin care products or technique that work for your skin? Or if you have any skincare questions, please share them by leaving a comment below.